We often confuse the Persian and Arabic languages as if they were one. Although they do have their similarities, they are not the same. They are all based on the Arabic script and belong to different language families. Below are some examples of the differences between Persian and Arabic.
1. The numbers: In Arabic, numbers four, five and six are ٤ ٥ ٦ and the Persian numbers four, five and six are ۶ ۵ ۴. As you can see, there is a very distinct difference in the script between these two when it comes to these 3 numbers.
2. Another difference between the Arabic and Persian language is its plural word formation. The Arabic language has two kinds of Plurals which makes it’s grammar very complicated.
3. In Arabic, verbs and adjectives have to change according to gender. Yet, Persian does not as it is a gender-less language.
4. The Persian language uses -e- and Arabic language uses -ul- between the owner and their possession for ownership. For example, كتاب احمد (Persian- Kitab-e-Ahmed- Ahmed’s book), كتابُ الطالبِ(Arabic- Kitabul- t- tailbi- book of the student)
5. Unlike Arabic, the Persian language’s last word of every sentence is a conjugated verb form. Thus, the sentences usually end in one of the following letters: د , ـم , ـی , ـند , ـست , ـه.
6. Another difference between Arabic and Persian is the presence of article ‘ال’ (AL) in Arabic. It is like the definite article ‘the’ in the English language.
7. The letters پ (Pe), چِ (Che) and ژ (Zaal), گ (Gaf) are very distinct to Persian. There, the first three different dots do not exist in Arabic.
Did these points help you learn a bit more about the difference between these two? Let us know!
Credits to: https://www.quora.com/How-do-I-visually-distinguish-between-persian-and-arabic and The Glossika Blog.