How do you make a distinction between language and dialect?

Its a pretty vague concept and there is no clear line between the two as there are a lot of factors that come into play (political, geographical, cultural, etc.)

In an effort to understand and somehow establish a difference, let's look at the definitions of languages and dialects:

Language is a tool consisting of body of words as a means for people who are of the same geographical area and cultural tradition to communicate with one another, spoken, written, action, etc. 

whereas Dialect is defined as a regional variety of language distinguished by features of vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation from other regional varieties and constituting together with them a single language. 

How would you know if its a different language or a dialect? Mutual intelligibility.  

Mutual Intelligibility is a relationship between languages and dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other.

"Speaking the 'same language' does not depend on two speakers speaking identical languages, but only very similar languages."- (Adrian Akmajian, Richard Demers, Ann Farmer, and Robert Harnish, Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication. MIT Press, 2001)

Overall, we can say that a language can be identified based on the country whereas a dialect can be identified based on locality.

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